Lesiones del bíceps en la inserción del reborde glenoideo superior

Alejandro Álvarez López, Yenima de la Caridad García Lorenzo

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Resumen

Fundamento: las lesiones del reborde glenoideo superior en la inserción de la porción larga del bíceps provocan dolor, limitación del movimiento articular y debilidad muscular.
Objetivo:
profundizar en las lesiones del reborde glenoideo superior y en su tratamiento por la vía artroscópica.
Métodos:
la búsqueda de la información se realizó en un período de dos meses del 1ro de junio de 2016 al 31 de julio de 2016 y se emplearon las siguientes palabras: SLAP lesion, superior labral anterior posterior lesion or repair. A partir de la información obtenida se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de un total de 315 artículos publicados en las bases de datos PubMed, Hinari, SciELO y Medline mediante el gestor de búsqueda y administrador de referencias EndNote, de ellos se utilizaron 52 citas seleccionadas para realizar la revisión, 48 de ellas de los últimos cinco años. Se incluyeron además, cinco libros.
Desarrollo:
se abordan diferentes elementos relacionados con las funciones anatómicas, factores predisponentes, diagnóstico clínico basado en maniobras específicas y clasificación de las lesiones. Se hace referencia al tratamiento artroscópico según el tipo de lesión, así como las complicaciones más frecuentes.
Conclusiones: las lesiones del reborde glenoideo superior son difíciles de diagnosticar desde el punto de vista clínico e imaginológico, de allí que la exploración artroscópica es de vital importancia para detectar y tratar esta afección. El tratamiento está basado en diferentes factores como: edad,lesiones asociadas, actividad del enfermo y tipo de lesión.
DeCS: MANGUITO DE LOS ROTADORES; ARTICULACIÓN DEL HOMBRO/lesiones; CAUSALIDAD; ARTROSCOPÍA; LITERATURA DE REVISIÓN COMO ASUNTO.

Palabras clave

LRGS- Lesión del reborde glenoideo superior. MR- Manguito rotador

Referencias

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